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17th-Nov-2010 10:55 pm - hi
HEY!! thought you will like to know that Candi_Cruz its now live on dirtystage watch it now.. don miss it!
27th-Jul-2006 08:04 pm - links
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29th-May-2006 04:56 am - two term presidents,war timeline

American History Timeline

American Involvement in Wars from Colonial Times to the Present


War in Which American Colonists or

United States Citizens Officially Participated

July 4, 1675 -

August 12, 1676  King Philip's War

1689-1697    King William's War

1702-1713    Queen Anne's War

1744-1748    King George's War

1756-1763    French and Indian War (Seven Years

1759-1761    Cherokee War

1775-1783    American Revolution

1798-1800    Franco-American Naval War

1801-1805; 1815 Barbary Wars

1812-1815    War of 1812

1813-1814    Creek War

1836             War of Texas Independence

1846-1848    Mexican War

1861-1865    Civil War

1898             Spanish-American War

1914-1918    World War I

1939-1945    World War II

1950-1953    Korean War

1960-1975    Vietnam

1961             Bay of Pigs Invasion

1983             Grenada

1989             US Invasion of Panama

1990-1991    Persian Gulf War

1995-1996    Intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina

2003             Invasion of Iraq

Source: The New York Public Library Desk Reference, 3rd Edition.


Two Term Presidents


  • George
    Washington: 1789, 1792

  • Thomas
    Jefferson: 1800, 1804

  • James
    Madison: 1808, 1812

  • ***James
    Monroe: 1816, 1920

  • Andrew
    Jackson: 1828, 1832

  • Abraham
    Lincoln: 1860, 1864

  • ***Ulysses
    Grant: 1868, 1872

  • Grover
    Cleveland: 1884, 1892

  • William
    McKinley: 1896, 1900

  • Woodrow
    Wilson: 1912, 1916

  • Dwight
    Eisenhower: 1952, 1956

  • Richard
    Nixon: 1968, 1972

  • **Ronald
    Reagan: 1980, 1984

  • ***Bill
    Clinton: 1992, 1996



6th-Apr-2006 07:22 pm - html,anagram code
<applet codeBase="http://wordsmith.org/anagram" archive="anagrams.jar"
code="org.wordsmith.anagram.AnagramApplet.class" name="WordsmithAnagram"
height="100" width="400">
<param name="sourceString" value="The Patriot Act">
<param name="targetString" value="Rite to Tap Chat">
<param name="font" value="Arial Black Cursiva">
<param name="bold" value="true">
<param name="shadow" value="false">
<param name="symbolFrames" value="100">
<param name="symbolTimeMS" value="1500">
<param name="symbolDelayMS" value="100">
<param name="pauseTimeMS" value="600">
<param name="endless" value="true">
<param name="textColor" value="#222222">
<param name="shadowColor" value="#C00000">
<param name="backgroundColor" value="#EEEEEE">
<param name="roundedCornersRadius" value="40">
<param name="remoteAnagram" value="false">
<param name="verticalGap" value="1.0">
6th-Apr-2006 06:52 pm - html background color change (nice)

// Gradient Background Fader
// By Peter Gehrig
// Copyright (c) 2003 Peter Gehrig. All rights reserved.
// Permission given to use the script provided that this notice remains as is.
// Additional scripts can be found at http://www.24fun.com
// info@24fun.com
// 10/15/2003 http://www.javascripts.com

// select the two background-colors
var colorhexafrom="#FFFF00"
var colorhexato="#00CCCC"

// do not edit code below this line
var pausebetweencolors=500
var i_loopmax=9999999999
var i_stepmax=20
var hexc = new Array('0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9','A','B','C','D','E','F')
var redcol_1
var redcol_2
var redcol_1_b
var redcol_2_b
var greencol_1
var greencol_2
var greencol_1_b
var greencol_2_b
var bluecol_1
var bluecol_2
var bluecol_1_b
var bluecol_2_b
var rgbredfrom
var rgbgreenfrom
var rgbbluefrom
var rgbredto
var rgbgreento
var rgbblueto
var rgbrednow
var rgbgreennow
var rgbbluenow

var rgbredfrom_b
var rgbgreenfrom_b
var rgbbluefrom_b
var rgbredto_b
var rgbgreento_b
var rgbblueto_b
var rgbrednow_b
var rgbgreennow_b
var rgbbluenow_b

var i_step=1
var i_loop=0

function translateintorgb() {
 var hexa=colorhexafrom
 var hexared=hexa.substring(1,3)
 var hexagreen=hexa.substring(3,5)
 var hexablue=hexa.substring(5,7)
 var hexa=colorhexato
 var hexared=hexa.substring(1,3)
 var hexagreen=hexa.substring(3,5)
 var hexablue=hexa.substring(5,7)
 var hexa=colorhexato
 var hexared=hexa.substring(1,3)
 var hexagreen=hexa.substring(3,5)
 var hexablue=hexa.substring(5,7)
 var hexa=colorhexafrom
 var hexared=hexa.substring(1,3)
 var hexagreen=hexa.substring(3,5)
 var hexablue=hexa.substring(5,7)

function changefromto() {
 if (rgbrednow>255) {rgbrednow=255}
 if (rgbrednow<0) {rgbrednow=0}
 if (rgbgreennow>255) {rgbgreennow=255}
 if (rgbgreennow<0) {rgbgreennow=0}
 if (rgbbluenow>255) {rgbbluenow=255}
 if (rgbbluenow<0) {rgbbluenow=0}
 if (rgbrednow_b>255) {rgbrednow_b=255}
 if (rgbrednow_b<0) {rgbrednow_b=0}
 if (rgbgreennow_b>255) {rgbgreennow_b=255}
 if (rgbgreennow_b<0) {rgbgreennow_b=0}
 if (rgbbluenow_b>255) {rgbbluenow_b=255}
 if (rgbbluenow_b<0) {rgbbluenow_b=0}
 if (i_step<=i_stepmax) {
       redcol_1 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow/16)];
      redcol_2 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow)%16];
   greencol_1 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow/16)];
       greencol_2 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow)%16];
    bluecol_1 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow/16)];
       bluecol_2 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow)%16];
  redcol_1_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow_b/16)];
      redcol_2_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow_b)%16];
   greencol_1_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow_b/16)];
       greencol_2_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow_b)%16];
    bluecol_1_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow_b/16)];
       bluecol_2_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow_b)%16];
    var backcolor="#"+redcol_1+redcol_2+greencol_1+greencol_2+bluecol_1+bluecol_2
  var backcolor_b="#"+redcol_1_b+redcol_2_b+greencol_1_b+greencol_2_b+bluecol_1_b+bluecol_2_b
"progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Gradient(startColorstr="+backcolor+", endColorstr="+backcolor_b+")"
  var timer=setTimeout("changefromto()",30);
   else {
  if (i_loop<i_loopmax) {var timer=setTimeout("changetofrom()",pausebetweencolors);}

function changetofrom() {
 if (rgbrednow>255) {rgbrednow=255}
 if (rgbrednow<0) {rgbrednow=0}
 if (rgbgreennow>255) {rgbgreennow=255}
 if (rgbgreennow<0) {rgbgreennow=0}
 if (rgbbluenow>255) {rgbbluenow=255}
 if (rgbbluenow<0) {rgbbluenow=0}
 if (rgbrednow_b>255) {rgbrednow_b=255}
 if (rgbrednow_b<0) {rgbrednow_b=0}
 if (rgbgreennow_b>255) {rgbgreennow_b=255}
 if (rgbgreennow_b<0) {rgbgreennow_b=0}
 if (rgbbluenow_b>255) {rgbbluenow_b=255}
 if (rgbbluenow_b<0) {rgbbluenow_b=0}
 if (i_step<=i_stepmax) {
       redcol_1 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow/16)];
      redcol_2 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow)%16];
   greencol_1 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow/16)];
       greencol_2 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow)%16];
    bluecol_1 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow/16)];
       bluecol_2 = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow)%16];
  redcol_1_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow_b/16)];
      redcol_2_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbrednow_b)%16];
   greencol_1_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow_b/16)];
       greencol_2_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbgreennow_b)%16];
    bluecol_1_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow_b/16)];
       bluecol_2_b = hexc[Math.floor(rgbbluenow_b)%16];
    var backcolor="#"+redcol_1+redcol_2+greencol_1+greencol_2+bluecol_1+bluecol_2
  var backcolor_b="#"+redcol_1_b+redcol_2_b+greencol_1_b+greencol_2_b+bluecol_1_b+bluecol_2_b
"progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Gradient(startColorstr="+backcolor+", endColorstr="+backcolor_b+")"
  var timer=setTimeout("changetofrom()",30);
   else {
  if (i_loop<i_loopmax) {var timer=setTimeout("changefromto()",pausebetweencolors);}
if (document.all) {


Biographical Index of America&apos;s Founding Fathers
For brief biographies of each of the Founding Fathers who were delegates to the Constitutional Convention, select the names or the states below.
(* indicates delegates who did not sign the Constitution)

William. Samuel Johnson
Roger Sherman
Oliver Ellsworth (Elsworth)*
George Read
Gunning Bedford, Jr.
John Dickinson
Richard Bassett
Jacob Broom
William Few
Abraham Baldwin
William Houston*
William L. Pierce*
James McHenry
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer
Daniel Carroll
Luther Martin*
John F. Mercer*
Nathaniel Gorham
Rufus King
Elbridge Gerry*
Caleb Strong*
New Hampshire
John Langdon
Nicholas Gilman
New Jersey
William Livingston
David Brearly (Brearley)
William Paterson (Patterson)
Jonathan Dayton
William C. Houston*
New York
Alexander Hamilton
John Lansing, Jr.*
Robert Yates*
North Carolina
William. Blount
Richard. Dobbs Spaight
Hugh Williamson
William R. Davie*
Alexander Martin*
Benjamin Franklin
Thomas Mifflin
Robert Morris
George Clymer
Thomas Fitzsimons (FitzSimons; Fitzsimmons)
Jared Ingersoll
James Wilson
Gouverneur Morris
South Carolina
John Rutledge
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Charles Pinckney
Pierce Butler
Rhode Island
Rhode Island did not send any delegates to the Constitutional Convention.
John Blair
James Madison Jr.
George Washington
George Mason*
James McClurg*
Edmund J. Randolph*
George Wythe*
9th-Mar-2006 07:21 am - hr 557




1st Session

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding the conditions for the United States to become a signatory to any multilateral agreement on trade resulting from the World Trade Organization's Doha Development Agenda Round.


November 18, 2005

Mr. ENGLISH of Pennsylvania (for himself, Mr. REYNOLDS, and Ms. HART) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding the conditions for the United States to become a signatory to any multilateral agreement on trade resulting from the World Trade Organization's Doha Development Agenda Round.

Whereas members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are currently engaged in a round of trade negotiations known as the Doha Development Agenda (Doha Round);

Whereas the Doha Round includes negotiations aimed at clarifying and improving disciplines under the Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (Antidumping Agreement) and the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (Subsidies Agreement);

Whereas the WTO Ministerial Declaration adopted on November 14, 2001 (WTO Paper No. WT/MIN(01)/DEC/1), specifically provides that the Doha Round negotiations are to preserve the `basic concepts, principles and effectiveness' of the Antidumping




H. RES. 577



Amends the the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, to consider as an "agent of a foreign principal" a Member of Congress who advocates on behalf of a foreign person or commercial entity in order to influence or change any U.S. law or regulation that would ease restrictions on a state sponsor of terrorism.

Amends the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 to state that any agreement or action for by a U.S. person, including a Member of Congress, on behalf of a foreign person in order to influence or change any U.S. law or regulation that would ease restrictions on a state sponsor of terrorism, or provide a financial benefit to the foreign person or business concern shall be deemed to be prohibited U.S. export assistance.

Expresses the sense of Congress that any Member of Congress who enters into any such agreement or takes any action on behalf of a foreign person should be sanctioned under the appropriate rules of the Senate or the House of Representatives.



To amend the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 to expand the

authority of non-Federal interests to levy harbor fees.


FEBRUARY 1, 2005


9th-Mar-2006 06:25 am - hr 1130 and subjects

Title: To provide for the cancellation of debts owed to international financial institutions by poor countries, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Rep Waters, Maxine [CA-35] (introduced 3/3/2005)      Cosponsors (79)
Latest Major Action: 3/28/2005 Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade, and Technology.


International finance             AIDS (Disease)

Africa (Sub-Saharan)            Angola

Armed forces                   Bangladesh

Benin                           Bolivia

Botswana                       Budgets

Burkina Faso                    Burundi

Cambodia                       Cameroon

Caribbean area                  Central African Republic

Chad                           Child health

Child labor                      Children

Civil liberties                    Collective bargaining

Congo                          Congress

Congress and foreign policy      Congressional investigations

Congressional oversight         Congressional reporting requirements

Criminal justice                  Debt relief

Defense budgets                Defense economics

Democracy                     Democratic Republic of Congo

Developing countries            Development credit institutions

Drug abuse                     Drug law enforcement

East Asia                        Economic development

Economic policy                 Elections

Electronic government information        Elementary and secondary education

Elementary education            Employee rights

Environmental protection        Ethiopia

Forced labor                    Foreign aid

Foreign loans                  Foreign policy

Freedom of association          Gambia

Ghana                          Government information

Government publicity            Government regulation

Guinea                          Guinea-Bissau

Guyana                         Haiti

Health policy                    Honduras

Hours of labor                   Human immunodeficiency viruses

Human rights                    Infrastructure

International affairs             International cooperation

Internet                         Ivory Coast

Jamaica                         Kenya

Labor                           Laos

Latin America                   Liberia

Madagascar                     Malaria

Malawi                          Mali

Maternal health services         Mauritania

Medical care                    Medicine

Middle East and North Africa     Morocco

Mozambique                    Namibia

Nepal                           Nicaragua

Niger                           Nigeria

Occupational health and safety   Peru

Philippines                      Politics and government

Potable water                   Poverty

Preventive medicine             Privatization

Public contracts                 Public health

Refuse and refuse disposal       Rwanda

Sanctions (International law)     Sao Tome and Principe

Senegal                         Sierra Leone

Solid wastes                    South Africa

South Asia                      State-sponsored terrorism

Tanzania                        Technology

Telecommunication              Togo

Tuberculosis                    Uganda

User charges                    Vietnam

Wages                          Water pollution

Water pollution control           Water quality

Water resources                 Water supply

Water treatment plants          Web sites

Welfare                         Women

World health                    Yemen



9th-Mar-2006 06:23 am - bill subjects ruff notes
HR 1738 IH
 1                   (A) owned, operated, or managed by a
 2            United States citizen or other private entity or-
 3            ganized under the laws of the United States;
 4            and
 5                   (B) for persons, including persons who are
 6            residing in such facility or institution, for pur-
 7            poses of receiving care or treatment or behavior
 8            modification; and
 9            (2) the term ``American children'' means Amer-
10       ican citizens or nationals 18 years of age or younger.
HR 1738 IH
 1 treatment facilities in accordance with the requirements
 2 of subsection (b) and the State is enforcing such State
 3 laws in accordance with the requirements of subsection
 4 (c).
 5        ``(b) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.--The licensing re-
 6 quirements referred to in subsection (a) are the following:
 7             ``(1) The State requires any person who oper-
 8        ates a child residential treatment facility to be
 9        issued a license for the operation of the facility, and
10        the license is in effect.
11             ``(2) The facility meets applicable standards of
12        the State for the provision of treatment services for
13        children with emotional, psychological, develop-
14        mental, or behavioral dysfunctions, impairments, or
15        chemical dependencies.
16             ``(3) In the case of each child who is a resident
17        of the facility and whose domicile is another State,
18        the facility meets the standards of such other State
19        for the operation of such a facility, including any li-
20        censing standards.
21             ``(4) With respect to State law that prohibits
22        the physical or mental abuse of children and the ne-
23        glect of children, the law of the State in which the
24        facility is located applies to the facility standards for
25        the care of children who are residents of the facility,


"We're not relying upon one aspect of renewable energy to help this country become less dependent," Bush said in a February 21 speech at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado.

I am so tired of statements like this from the leader of this country,
 it is downright embarrassing

"THE PRESIDENT:  So like if you got a two-year-old child, when the person gets 
to be 12, maybe thinking about driving a car, all of a sudden, the technology 
becomes more real -- pretty close.  For a guy 59, 10 years is a lot.  (Laughter.)
 If you're two, it's not all that much.  (Laughter.)  It's conceivable that a 
two-year-old today could be taking a driver's test in a hydrogen-power automobile."

22 February 2006
This was on the Department of the State website today

 United States Must Commit to Alternative Energy Development

Here's a run down of the contents
 in Bush's opening statement in a nutshell.
FIFTEEN times referring to increased spending,
 ‘we’re going to spend some money’ he repeated, 
and made sure to add-

"Part of the issue we face, unfortunately, is that there

are sometimes decisions made, but as a result of the

appropriations process, the money may not end up

where it was supposed to have gone."
Then he went on, claiming that
 TWO THIRDS of money spent 
comes from private corporations. 
That led to what else?  tax breaks
NINE times he discussed the importance 
of making tax cuts permanent. 

NOT ONE SINGLE TIME did he mention 
alternative energy

Another joke

THE PRESIDENT: So like if you got a two-year-old child, when the person gets to be 12, maybe thinking about driving a car, all of a sudden, the technology becomes more real -- pretty close. For a guy 59, 10 years is a lot. (Laughter.) If you're two, it's not all that much. (Laughter.) It's conceivable that a two-year-old today could be taking a driver's test in a hydrogen-power automobile.
22 February 2006
United States Must Commit to Alternative Energy Development
15 times referring to spending, ‘we’re going to spend some money’ claiming that 2/3 of money spent comes from private corporations. 9 times he discussed the importance of making tax cuts permanent. Another joke

HR 1738 IH        
   (A) owned, operated, or managed by a   United States citizen or other private entity or-
 ganized under the laws of the United States;   and  (B) for persons, including persons who are
 residing in such facility or institution, for pur-  poses of receiving care or treatment 
or behavior  modification; and
  (2) the term ``American children'' means Amer ican citizens or nationals 18 years of age
 or younger.
  HR 1738 IH
 treatment facilities in accordance with the requirements of subsection 
(b) and the State is enforcing such State laws in accordance with the
 requirements of subsection (c).
`(b) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.--The licensing requirements referred to in subsection (a) 
are the following``(1) The State requires any person who operates a child residential 
treatment facility to be issued a license for the operation of the facility, and
  the license is in effect``(2) The facility meets applicable standards of the State for
 the provision of treatment services for children with emotional, psychological, 
developmental, or behavioral dysfunctions, impairments, or chemical dependencies.
``(3) In the case of each child who is a resident of the facility and whose domicile is 
another State,the facility meets the standards of such other State for the operation of 
such a facility, including any licensing standards.`(4) With respect to State law that prohibits
the physical or mental abuse of children and the neglect of children, the law of the State
 in which the facility is located applies to the facility standards for the care of children 
who are residents of the facility,



29th-Jan-2006 11:34 pm - Trade Deficit Article
US trade plunges further into red
The gap between US exports and imports has surged unexpectedly, as the US economy has sucked in oil.
In October, the trade deficit was a record $68.9bn (£38.9bn), up 4.4% from the month before, the Commerce Department said.

Although the price of oil fell during October, the volume of oil imported soared 9.3%, with industrial goods also entering the US at record levels.

Economists warned it could signal slower growth.

Most had forecast the deficit would shrink, to about $63bn.

Trade row

The news comes as the US is embroiled, with much of the rest of the world, in negotiations in Hong Kong over a new set of global trade rules.

At the heart of the talks has been the tension between developing countries, which want their richer neighbours to slash massive agricultural tariffs and subsidies, and rich nations, which want to lock in greater market access for their service sectors.

So far, the Hong Kong talks appear to have shifted services talks onto the back burner.

The US managed a slim $5bn surplus in services - dwarfed by the $73.9bn deficit on goods.

The most politically sensitive segment of the deficit, however, is with China - of which Hong Kong is part.

The deficit grew 2.1% from September to a record $20.5bn - up a fifth over the past 12 months.

Earlier this week, China announced its own trade surplus was at $90.8bn for the first 11 months of 2005, three times the level of the previous year.
27th-Jan-2006 08:55 pm - H Con. 295 trade law

1st Session
H. CON. RES. 295
Providing that any agreement relating trade and investment that is negotiated by the executive branch with other countries must comply with certain minimum standards.
November 10, 2005
Mr. BROWN of Ohio (for himself, Mr. JONES of North Carolina, Ms. SOLIS, Ms. SCHAKOWSKY, Ms. LEE, Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California, and Ms. KAPTUR) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

Providing that any agreement relating trade and investment that is negotiated by the executive branch with other countries must comply with certain minimum standards.

Whereas there is general consensus among the American public and the global community that, with respect to international trade and investment rules--

(1) global environmental, labor, health, food security, and other public interest standards must be strengthened to prevent a global `race to the bottom';

(2) domestic environmental, labor, health, food security, and other public interest standards and policies must not be undermined, including those based on the use of the precautionary principle, the internationally recognized legal principle which holds that, when there is scientific uncertainty regarding the potential adverse effects of an action or a product or technology, governments should act in a way that minimizes the risk of harm to human health and the environment;

(3) provision and regulation of public services such as education, health care, transportation, energy, water, and other utilities are basic functions of democratic government and must not be undermined;Read more...Collapse )
13th-Jan-2006 01:47 pm - Latest SEC 8-k filings
Form 8-K is used by companies to file current reports on the following events:
1.01    Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement            
1.02    Termination of a Material Definitive Agreement               
1.03    Bankruptcy or Receivership     
2.01    Completion of Acquisition or Disposition of Assets    
2.02    Results of Operations and Financial Condition 
2.03    Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an 
        Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant         
2.04    Triggering Events That Accelerate or Increase a Direct Financial Obligation 
        under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement                
2.05    Cost Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities             
2.06    Material Impairments           
3.01    Notice of Delisting or Failure to Satisfy a Continued Listing Rule or 
        Standard; Transfer of Listing         
3.02    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities               
3.03    Material Modifications to Rights of Security Holders         
4.01    Changes in Registrant's Certifying Accountant 
4.02    Non-Reliance on Previously Issued Financial Statements or a Related Audit
        Report or Completed Interim Review            
5.01    Changes in Control of Registrant      
5.02    Departure of Directors or Principal Officers; Election of Directors; 
        Appointment of Principal Officers     
5.03    Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year
5.04    Temporary Suspension of Trading Under Registrant's Employee Benefit Plans
5.05    Amendments to the Registrant's Code of Ethics, or Waiver of a 
        Provision of the Code of Ethics       
6.01.   ABS Informational and Computational Material.
6.02.   Change of Servicer or Trustee.
6.03.   Change in Credit Enhancement or Other External Support.
6.04.   Failure to Make a Required Distribution.
6.05.   Securities Act Updating Disclosure.
7.01    Regulation FD Disclosure       
8.01    Other Events   
9.01    Financial Statements and Exhibits     
   8-K  reports  may  be  obtained  in  person  or  by  writing  to   the
   Commission's Public  Reference  Branch  at  450  Fifth  Street,  N.W.,
   Washington, D.C.  20549  or  at  the  following  e-mail  box  address:
   <publicinfo@sec.gov>.  In  most  cases,  this  information   is   also
   available on the Commission's website: www.sec.gov.
Read more...Collapse )</p>
8th-Jan-2006 05:45 pm - Conditions at Sago Mine

Sunday, January 08, 2006

A Brief Glimpse Into the Conditions at Sago Mine

This is a partial account of the accidents at Sago Mine. I only go back 6 months, but it is east to get an idea of the conditions. That mine was literally falling down around them

12/5/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00
An unintentional roof fall was found on the 2 left mains section in the #8 entry 2 block inby spad staiton 3997. the fall measured 18' w x 7' high x 19'long.

11/27/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

11/25/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

11/7/2005 Days Away from Work Only Fall of face/rib/pillar/side/highwall Roof bolter (single head)
Move/reel power cable 25.00 1.40 15.00

10/26/2005 No Days Away From Work, No Restrictive Action Handling of materials Shuttle car/ram operator (standard side)
Walking/running 25.00 .50 15.00

10/26/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

10/20/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

10/20/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00
An unintentional roof fall was found in the Northeast Mains, #1 Entry, 20 ft inby spad station #3181. The fall measured 50'L x 18'W x 5'H. This area was developed 7-23-04 and was supported wit h 5' torque tension rods, roof mat & oversized bearing plates (8" x 8").

10/11/2005 Days Away from Work Only Handling of materials Laborer/utilityman/bull gang
Set brattice 1.00 .38 .38

10/11/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00
A roof fall was discovered on the 2 left mains in the #3 entry @ spad #4078. This fall was inby second mining. The estimated size: 6' high, 12' wide, 15' long.

8/22/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

8/12/2005 No Days Away From Work, No Restrictive Action Handling of materials Roof bolter (single head)
Machine maintenance/repair 10.00 2.00 8.00
Injured was attempting to break loose a fitting on the valve bank of the fletcher roof bolter when the hydraulic fitting broke, causing him to strike his knuckle and middle finger on the valve bank.

8/10/2005 Days Away from Work Only Machinery Continuous miner operator
Operate continuous miner 27.67 1.75 2.00
While operating the Joy continuous miner on the 2 left section, in x-cut #3 & #2 entries, a piece of rock 36" x 28" x 10" thick dislodged from the mine roof between the rib and rib bolts. The rock struck the employee on the right side of the head, middle and lower back and right foot. This rock had slick surfaces

8/2/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00
An unintentional roof fall was discovered int he #5 entry, 2 left mains @ spad station 4089. the fall measured 7 ft hx 18.5 ft w x 50ft long.Clay veins were present in fall cavity.

7/21/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

7/11/2005 Days Away from Work Only Fall of roof or back Continuous miner operator
Walking/running 28.00 .01 4.00
EE backed miner out of face of #4 entry, shut off machine and walked towards a roof bolter parked in x cut #4 x #3 when rock dislodged from borw at edge of x cut of #4 entry. Rock struck EE on the neck area and upper back.

6/23/2005 Days Away from Work Only Handling of materials Laborer/utilityman/bull gang
Handling supplies/materials .69 .46 .69

6/11/2005 Days Away from Work Only Handling of materials Laborer/utilityman/bull gang
Set/remove/relocate props .67 .11 .67
Employee was attempting to set a mine prop, when he bent over to get a cap wedge, the timber started to fall toward a co-worker. In an attempt to catch the timber employee twisted his left arm .

6/4/2005 Days Away from Work Only Handling of materials Scoop car/tram/load haul dump operator
Handling supplies/materials 3.50 .82 .82

6/2/2005 Days Away from Work Only Slip or fall of person Shuttle car/ram operator (standard side)
Get on/off equipment/machines 25.00 .09 .01

6/2/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00

6/2/2005 Accident Only Fall of roof or back Not Applicable
Not Applicable .00 .00 .00


7th-Jan-2006 03:04 am - Orwell on War-
At the recent trials in Kharkov some attempt was made to fix on Hitler, Himmler and the rest the responsibility for their subordinates' crimes, but the mere fact that this had to be done shows that Hitlers's guilt is not self-evident. His crime, it is implied, was not to build up an army for the purpose of aggressive war, but to instruct that army to torture its prisoners. So far as it goes, the distinction between an atrocity and an act of war is valid. An atrocity means an act of terrorism which has no genuine military purpose. One must accept such distinctions if one accepts war at all, which in practice everyone does. Nevertheless, a world in which it is wrong to murder an individual civilian and right to drop a thousand tons of high explosive on a residential area does sometimes make me wonder whether this earth of ours is not a loony bin made use of by some other planet.
27th-Dec-2005 05:52 pm - Incomplete notes westAfrica
West Africa Offshore
MORRISON:  Just one quick additional point.  I mean, we make an argument in this report that American societal interests connected to Africa are broadening and deepening and that this is a very promising long-term shift that’s underway.  It includes our security folks, our public health community, our religious community, our business communities. 
Still, a Wounded Military
In last year’s list, we pointed out that the health of the U.S. military was in serious decline. At 7 to 1, the ratio of wounded to dead in Iraq was the highest of any conflict in recent memory, including Vietnam, where the ratio was 3 to 1. A year later, the story is worse—and still largely ignored. In 2005, the most common number cited regarding the war in Iraq was the more than 2,100 U.S. soldiers that have died. When the number of wounded was mentioned, the Pentagon figure of more than 15,500 U.S. troops, or the Army Medical Department’s total of 20,748 medical evacuations, was usually rolled out. Today, the wounded-to-dead ratio remains near 7 to 1 by this official count. But a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) report released in October tells a bigger story. Its data shows that 119,247 veterans of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have sought VA healthcare. Of those, 46,450 were diagnosed primarily with musculoskeletal problems, such as joint ailments and back disorders. More than 36,800 veterans, or 31 percent of those the VA cared for, were treated primarily for mental disorders. Not even the VA had anticipated the number of soldiers they would be asked to help. In June, the agency told lawmakers that it had underestimated the the number of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, and required $1 billion in emergency funding.

Another article Hallliburtons hired hands.....

The New Coalition of the Willing
Private security firms in Iraq are hiring an increasing number of ex-guerrillas and soldiers from Colombia, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Chile. A recent ad on Iraqijobcenter.com, for example, offered the services of “a thousand Colombian combat-trained ex-soldiers and policemen” for security work in Iraq. This year, U.S. security firm Halliburton employed Colombians to protect oil installations in several Iraqi cities. Blackwater, another private security firm, has had a group of soldiers who once served for Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet on the payroll. Recruits often come from militaries known for human rights abuses or paramilitaries with ties to narcotrafficking. So why are U.S. contractors hiring Latin American mercenaries? “If a contractor is killed,” says Peter Singer, an expert on private military firms at the Brookings Institution, “it is less likely to make the news [than if it’s a U.S. soldier]. If it’s a contractor from another country, it is even less likely.”

NOTE:I found this page, its not mine credit goes to the author, it says it can be used, there are tons of facts and links. I have not personally doublechecked all so use at your risk, credit the author. His info is on the bottom of the page.




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3rd-Dec-2005 04:22 am - What is it about 11

Summing It Up With Number Eleven

Summing It Up With Number Eleven

Sept. 11, 1990,

George Bush Sr. mentions before Congress the
phrase "A New World Order" for the first time. Eleven years later to
the day, the World Trade Center was destroyed.

March 11, 2004

The Madrid bombings take place, (it is 911 days after
Sept. 11, 2001.)

May 1, 2003

U.S. President George W. Bush declares that "major combat operations in Iraq have ended," and that "The battle of Iraq is one victory in a war on terror that began on September the 11th, 2001, and still goes on." " (WP)

March 21, 2003

British and American land forces enter Iraq, taking control of areas bordering Kuwait and parts of the Faw Peninsula. British marines seize some oil export facilities and U.S. armored columns push further into Iraq towards the Rumaila oilfields. About 7 oilfields are set on fire by Iraqi forces. U.S. special forces begin conducting significant operations with Kurdish units in the north of Iraq. A primary objective of Coalition forces is to take control of oil wells before they can be sabotaged by Iraqi forces. Coalition air strikes continue on military targets throughout the country." (Reuters, DJ)



July 21st, 1972

two bombs go off in downtown Belfas killing 11 people

July 27th- , 1986

Five are killed in a car bombing in Milan Italy

September 5th, 1986

A Pan Am aircraft is hijacked
by Palestinain terrorists. Twenty passengers
are killed

May 17, 1987

The USS Stark is damaged in an Iraqi missile
attack, killing 37 crew members

September 22, 1987

U.S. forces attack an Iranian mine-laying vessel in the Persian

March 20, 1995

March 20th 12 people are killed when nerve gas is released in a Tokyo subway.

April 19, 1995

April 19th- The Murrah Federal office building is destroyed by a bomb in Oklahoma City Oklahoma killing 168.


Saddam Hussein’s son in law, Kamel is killed 3 days after his return to Iraq.

August 31, 1997

Princess Diansa dies in car wreck



Geller's Mysterious Number 11

The date of the attack: 9/11 - 9 + 1 + 1 = 11

*September 11th is the 254th day of the year: 2+5+4 = 11

*After September 11th there are 111 days left to the end of the year.

*119 is the area code to Iraq/Iran. 1 + 1 + 9 = 11 (reverse the numbers and you have the date)
[not true: Iran's country code is 98 (9+8=17), Iraq's is 964 (9+6+4= 19); Saudi Arabia's code is 966 (9+6+6=21.)]

*Twin Towers - standing side by side, looks like
the number 11

*The first plane to hit the towers was Flight 11 by
*American Airlines or AA - A=1st letter in alphabet so we have again 11:11

*State of New York - The 11th State added to the Union

*New York City - 11 Letters

*The USS Enterprise is in the gulf during the attack; its ship number is 65N 6+5=11

*Afghanistan - 11 Letters

*The Pentagon - 11 Letters

*Ramzi Yousef - 11 Letters (convicted or orchestrating the attack on the WTC in 1993)

*Flight 11 - 92 on board - 9 + 2 = 11

*Flight 77 - 65 on board - 6 + 5 = 11

*The # of story is 110 (2x) 110 - 110 Remember that the zero "0" is not a number, so we have 11:11

*The house where they believed to have lived had # 10001 again don't count the zero.....

Names that have eleven letters
*Air Force One, *George W. Bush, *Bill Clinton, *Saudi Arabia, *ww terrorism, *Colin Powell U.S. Secretary of State

*Remembrance day is November 11....

is also the 11th month

*Mohamed Atta, the pilot that crashed into the World Trade Centre.

, American Airlines AA = 11





23rd-Nov-2005 10:17 pm - okc bombing link list





*      http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/archive/20894.html

*      http://www.insightmag.com/news/241237.html

*      http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=26604

*      http://www.aim.org/publications/briefings/2001/29nov2001.html

*      http://www.aim.org/publications/weekly_column/2001/11/21.html

*      http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=25214

*      http://www.mccurtain.com/articles/2005/08/09/top_story/top001.txt

*      http://mccurtain.com/articles/2005/08/23/top_story/top001.txt

*      http://wnd.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=45852

*      http://kurtnimmo.com/blog/?p=908

*      http://www.mccurtain.com/articles/2005/07/21/top_story/news001.txt

*      http://www.mccurtain.com/articles/2005/07/15/top_story/news001.txt

*      http://www.onlinejournal.com/Commentary/071305Leonard/071305leonard.html

*      http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/july2005/150705blairadmits.htm

*      http://www.counterpunch.com/roberts05262005.html

*      http://www.fff.org/comment/com0505a.asp

*      http://www.thenewamerican.com/artman/publish/article_1170.shtml

*      http://www.septembereleventh.org/newsarchive/2004-03-03-heartland.php

*      http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=37675

*      http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/waco.html

*      http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig5/gregory5.html

*      http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/mcveigh.html

*      http://www.thenewamerican.com/tna/2004/07-26-2004/okc.htm

*      http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/september2004/080904okcbombing.htm

*      http://www.rense.com/general60/plot.htm

*      http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/federal_murder

*      http://www.septembereleventh.org/newsarchive/2004-03-03-heartland.php


*      http://www.rense.com/general63/infor.htm


2nd-Nov-2005 04:31 pm - Halliburton Companies
Halliburton corporate profile
Brown & Root Construction Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Brown & Root Projects Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Brown & Root-Condor Spa (Algeria)
Beheersmaatschappij Van Aandelen In Textielverwerkende O (Netherlands)
Cebar Sdn Bhd (Brunei Darussalam)
Consorcio Contrina Snc (France)
Corporacion Mexicana De Mantenimiento Integral Sde Rl De Cv (Mexico)
Db Stratabit Gmbh (Germany)
Devonport Engineering Services Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Devonport Management Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Devonport Royal Dockyard Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Devonport Royal Dockyard Pension Trustees Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Dii Industries, Llc (United States)
Dorhold Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Dresser Bv (Netherlands)
Dresser Europe Llc (Egypt)
Dresser Kellogg Energy Services Inc. (United States)
Dresser Kellogg Energy Services (Nigeria) Ltd. (Nigeria)
Dresser Oilfield Services Bv (Netherlands)
Dresser Kellogg South Africa Ltd. (South Africa)
G&H Management Llc (United States)
Georgetown Finance Ltd. (Caymans Islands)
Granherne & Co Llc (Oman)
Granherne International (Holdings) Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Granherne Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Grove-Tk Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Gva Consultants Aktiebolag (Sweden)
Halliburton Affiliates, Llc (United States)
Halliburton Anstalt (Lichtenstein)
Halliburton Argentina Sa (Argentina)
Halliburton Arkhangelsk, Ltd. (Russia)
Halliburton As (Norway)
Halliburton Australia Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Halliburton Bv (Netherlands)
Halliburton C.I.C.S. Inc. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Canada Holdings, Inc. (United States)
Halliburton Company Germany Gmbh (Germany)
Halliburton Consolidated Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Halliburton De Mexico, S De Rl De Cv (Mexico)
Halliburton Del Peru Sa (Peru)
Halliburton Denmark As (Denmark)
Halliburton Energy Development Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Energy Services (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (Malaysia)
Halliburton Energy Services Nigeria Ltd. (Nigeria)
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. (United States)
Halliburton Epc-22 Holdings, S De Rl De Cv (Mexico)
Halliburton Equipment Company Sae (Egypt)
Halliburton Far East Pte Ltd. (Singapore)
Halliburton Global, Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Group Canada (Canada) (Partnership)
Halliburton Group Canada Inc. (Canada)
file:///C|/My%20Documents/profilePDF/halliburton.htm (21 of 24) [8/11/03 2:34:58 PM]
Halliburton corporate profile
Halliburton Holding Bv (Netherlands)
Halliburton Holding Germany Gmbh (Germany)
Halliburton Holdings (No. 2) Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Halliburton Holdings (No. 3) Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Halliburton Holdings 2002 Bv (Netherlands)
Halliburton I Cayman, Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Ii Cayman, Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Industries Ag (Liechtenstein)
Halliburton Interim, Inc. (United States)
Halliburton International, Inc. (United States)
Halliburton Italiana Spa (Italy)
Halliburton Latin America Sa (Panama)
Halliburton Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Halliburton Manufacturing & Services Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Halliburton Netherlands Operations Bv (Netherlands)
Halliburton New Zealand Ltd. (New Zealand)
Halliburton Offshore Services, Inc. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Operations Nigeria Ltd. (Nigeria)
Halliburton Overseas Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Partners Canada, Inc. (Canada)
Halliburton Products & Services Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Produtos Ltda (Brazil)
Halliburton Proprietary Ltd. (South Africa)
Halliburton Sas (France)
Halliburton Servicos Ltda (Brazil)
Halliburton Trinidad Ltd. (Trinidad)
Halliburton Trinidad Ltd. (Tobago)
Halliburton West Africa Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Halliburton Worldwide Ltd. (Cayman Islands)
Hbr Energy, Inc. (United States)
Hbr Nl Holdings, Llc (United States)
Hed (Indonesia), Inc. (United States)
Hes Corp. (United States)
Hes Holding, Inc. (United States)
Hes Mexico Holdings, Llc (United States)
Hes Oilfield Operations (Nigeria), Inc. (United States)
Hobbymarkt Capelle Bv (Netherlands)
Hobbymarkt Capelle De Mexico, Sa De Cv (Mexico)
Ipem Developments Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kbr Australia Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Kbr Caledonia Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kbr Group Holdings, Llc (United States)
Kbr Holdings Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Kbr Overseas, Inc. (United States)
Kbr Production Services Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Kbr Water Services Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Kellogg Brown & Root Bangladesh Ltd. (Bangladesh)
Kellogg Brown & Root (Canada) Co. (Canada)
Kellogg Brown & Root Consultancy (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (Malaysia)
Kellogg Brown & Root Dh Ltd. (United Kingdom)
file:///C|/My%20Documents/profilePDF/halliburton.htm (22 of 24) [8/11/03 2:34:58 PM]
Halliburton corporate profile
Kellogg Brown & Root Energy Services Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kellogg Brown & Root Far East Pte Ltd. (Singapore)
Kellogg Brown & Root Holdings (U.K.) Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kellogg Brown & Root Holdings Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kellogg Brown & Root International, Inc. (Delaware)
Kellogg Brown & Root International, Inc. (Panama)
Kellogg Brown & Root Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kellogg Brown & Root Projects Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Kellogg Brown & Root Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Kellogg Brown & Root Services, Inc. (United States)
Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (United States)
Kellogg (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (Malaysia)
Kellogg Overseas Corp. (United States)
Kinhill Holdings Pty Ltd. (Australia)
Landmark America Latina, Sa (De) (United States)
Landmark Eame Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Landmark Graphics Europe/Africa, Llc (United States)
Landmark Graphics As (Norway)
Landmark Graphics Corp. (United States)
Landmark Graphics (Nigeria) Ltd. (Nigeria)
Landmark Graphics Venezuela Ca (Venezuela)
Lmk Resources Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd. (Pakistan)
M. W. Kellogg Constructors Inc. (United States)
M. W. Kellogg Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Magic Earth, Inc. (United States)
Mashhor Well Services Sdn Bhd (Brunei Darussalam)
Masoneilan International, Llc (United States)
Monoflo Inc. (United States)
Mono Pumps (Australia) Ltd. (Australia)
Mono Pumps Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Oilfield Innovations, Cv (Netherlands)
Oilfield Services Receivable Corp. (United States)
P.T. Brown & Root Indonesia (Indonesia)
Petrodata As (Norway)
Petroleum Engineering Services Norge As (Norway)
Pt Baroid Indonesia (Indonesia)
Pt Halliburton Drilling Systems Indonesia (Indonesia)
Pt Halliburton Indonesia (Indonesia)
Pt Halliburton Logging Services Indonesia (Indonesia)
Rockwater Holdings Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Rockwater Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Saudi Halliburton Logging Llc (Saudi Arabia)
Seaforth Maritime Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Security Dbs Nv (Belgium)
Servicios Halliburton De Venezuela, Sa (Venezuela)
Servicios Profesionales Petroleros, Sde Rl De Cv (Mexico)
Sperry Sun Saudi Company Ltd. (Saudi Arabia)
Studebaker Worthington (U.K.) Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Subsahara Serivces Inc. (United States)
Sub Sea Offshore (Holdings) Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Wellstream Inc. (United States)
file:///C|/My%20Documents/profilePDF/halliburton.htm (23 of 24) [8/11/03 2:34:58 PM]
Halliburton corporate profile
Wellstream Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Source: Disclosure Incorporated, 2003
[Profile prepared by Richard Girard, Polaris Institute researcher. Any inquiries about the profile should be
directed to darren_puscas@on.aibn.com]

No Time to Panic

Some would argue that plenty of smart guys will see it coming and that their ensuing scramble for gold will push quotes to exorbitant levels. Perhaps. But my fear is that the collapse will unfold so quickly that there will be no time to panic, much less secure one’s assets against the unknowable. Under the circumstances, it’s worth asking what kind of shape you’d be in if you were to awaken on Monday to news that the markets, because of some epic crisis, have shut down indefinitely. To be sure, you’ll be no worse off for having a roll of Krugerrands stashed in a safe deposit box. But as for the rest of your assets, including your home, they may not be worth much in barter. You’d be living from paycheck to paycheck— assuming you were lucky enough to still have a job.

Global Imbalances — An assessment
by Raghuram G. Rajan
Economic Counsellor and Director of the IMF's Research Department
Ronald Reagan International Conference Center, Washington, DC
Tuesday, October 25, 2005

Good morning. The IMF in its latest World Economic Outlook has projected global growth of about 4.3 percent for 2005 and the same for 2006. Even though the overall growth is slightly above trend, there are a number of developments concern us.

Chart 1

Chart 1

These include the excessive dependence of global growth on unsustainable processes in the United States and to a lesser extent in China, the elevated level of asset prices, particularly housing, and the high and volatile price of oil. The downside risks to our forecast are thus considerable.

These varied concerns come together in the growing global imbalances.

Chart 2

Chart 2

The picture is familiar to most of you. The United States is running a current account deficit approaching 6 1/4 percent of its GDP this year and over 1.5 percent of world GDP. And to finance it, the United States needs to pull in 70 percent of all global capital flows. While the deficit is still increasing, the location of the surplus countries is changing. The current account surpluses of the oil-exporting countries of the Middle East have now surpassed those of emerging Asia, which were already quite high.

Chart 3

Chart 3

Unlike those who view the imbalances as mirroring a savings glut, I see the problem as the world is investing too little. The current situation has its roots in a series of crises over the last decade that were caused by excessive investment, such as the Japanese asset bubble, the crises in Emerging Asia and Latin America, and most recently, the IT bubble. Investment has fallen off sharply since, with only very cautious recovery.

Chart 4

Chart 4

This is particularly true of emerging Asia and Japan.

The policy response to the slowdown in investment has differed across countries. In the industrial countries, accommodative policies such as expansionary budgets and low interest rates have led to consumption- or credit-fuelled growth, particularly in Anglo-Saxon countries.

Chart 5

Chart 5

Government savings have fallen, especially in the U.S. and Japan, and household savings have virtually disappeared in some countries with housing booms.

By contrast, the crises were a wake-up call in a number of emerging market countries. Historically lax policies have been tightened, with some countries running primary fiscal surpluses for the first time, and most bringing down inflation through tight monetary policy.

Chart 6

Chart 6

With corporations cautious about investing and governments prudent about expenditure-especially given the grandiose projects of the past-exports have led growth and savings have built up. Many emerging markets have run current account surpluses for the first time. In emerging Asia, a corollary has been to build up international reserves.

Some call this a new world order. I see the situation as a temporary but effective response to crisis. It is somewhat misleading to term this situation a "savings glut" for that would imply that countries running current account surpluses should reduce domestic incentives to save. But if the true problem is investment restraint, then a reduction in world savings incentives will engender excessively high real interest rates when the factors holding back investment dissipate. The world now needs two kinds of transitions.

First, consumption has to give way smoothly to investment, as past excess capacity is worked off and as expansionary policies in industrial countries return to normal. Second, to reduce the current account imbalances that have built up, demand has to shift from countries running deficits to countries running surpluses.

There are reasons to worry whether the needed transitions will take place smoothly. First, we need more investment, especially in low-income countries, emerging markets, and oil producers. China is an exception in needing less, not more, investment. The easy way to get more investment is a low-quality investment binge led by the government or fuelled by easy credit-emerging market countries are only too well aware of the pitfall of that approach. The harder, and correct, way is through product, labor, and especially financial market reforms, which will ensure that high-quality investment emerges. However, and somewhat paradoxically, the emphasis that some governments have placed on strong exports and sound monetary and fiscal policies may have caused them to neglect the structural reforms that would have strengthened investment and helped sustain domestic demand. As a result, these countries are overly dependent on demand from other countries.

Chart 7

Chart 7

Moreover, the absence of such reforms limits the rate of return on investment in those countries and prevents capital flowing from aging rich countries to younger developing countries. This must change.

Second, easy financial conditions and trade may have allowed economies more rope so that traditional signals like inflation, interest rates, and exchange rates have not guided transitions thus far. But while more rope allows one to drift further, adjustments when one reaches the end of the tether tend to be abrupt. Perhaps the central concern has to be about consumption growth in the United States, which has been holding up the world economy. Higher energy prices in the United States could eat into disposable incomes and consumer confidence, leading to an abrupt fall in consumption. Another risk is that the higher energy prices start to feed more permanently into inflation and inflationary expectations, which have remained well anchored so far, causing the Fed to tighten either faster or further.

Chart 8

Chart 8

This would have several negative effects. First, it could mean higher interest payments for households, reducing available income for consumption. Second, more broadly, it could put a lid on house price growth. For several years now, the wealth gains for increased home equity have been a strong support to consumer spending. Lastly, it could hinder investment just when it should be taking over as the source of growth from consumption. Thus my greatest worry is not that U.S consumption will slow-it has to because it is being fuelled by unsustainable forces. My worry is that it will slow abruptly, taking away a major support from world growth before other supports are in place.

A second concern has to be about the financing of the U.S. current account deficit. If it narrows slowly, will foreign investors continue to buy U.S. assets without hiccups for the time it takes for the real side to adjust?

Chart 9

Chart 9

Let us look at the composition of capital flows into the United States for some clues to the answer. Overall, the bulk of U.S. assets sold to foreigners are still to the private sector. This may come as a surprise to some of you who believe that the U.S. current account deficit is being financed by foreign central banks. The reality is that while the foreign official sector has increased its purchases, it still only amounts to less than one-third of the total inflows into the United States. So where is the rest going if, as was the case till recently, foreign central banks were putting in enough to nearly match the deficit? The answer is that it comes out again as U.S. investors buy foreign assets.

It is therefore entirely correct to say the U.S. current account deficit is more than fully financed by foreign private investors while U.S. private investment abroad is partly financed by foreign central bank investment in the U.S.. From the evidence we have so far, foreign central banks do not appear to vary their purchases of U.S. Treasuries in a systematic way with changes in the trade-weighted dollar. Profits are less important to central banks, and they are less likely to make a rapid shift in the composition of their reserve portfolio - though given their size, they have the ability to roil markets if they do, or if politicians hint they will. But before central banks turn decisively, foreign private investors who have no motive to buy dollars other than returns will have fled. It is they who are key to the financing of the U.S. current account deficit.

Chart 10

Chart 10

Given this, it is worth noting that both foreign direct investment and net purchases of equities by non-residents have declined markedly since 2000. Foreign direct investment has staged a partial recovery since then, but remains below 1 percent of U.S. GDP. The decline coincides with a drop off in M&A activity in the United States and overleveraged balance sheets in the Euro area and Japan. At the same time, net purchases of fixed income securities have increased substantially, with most of the increase consisting of Treasuries. On net, therefore, the form of financing has become less favorable, even though there have been no serious problems so far. The concern is that financing will become more difficult-with consequences to U.S. interest rates and the exchange rate-precisely when other factors make the U.S. slow and look an unattractive place to invest, compounding the slowdown.

A final concern has to do with protectionism. It is all too easy for politicians to blame other countries for imbalances - after all, foreigners do not vote. The solution then appears easy. Impose punitive tariffs! Yet as we have seen, the imbalances are a shared responsibility, and no one country will be able to solve it unilaterally, least of all by imposing tariffs. And a tariff here will bring forth a tariff there, potentially harming the entire world economy. We have seen the movie before in the depression of the 1930s and it is terrifying. It is to forestall such a descent into autarky that the Fund has been arguing that countries should avoid pointing fingers at each other. If instead countries see the imbalances as a shared responsibility, it will help guide the domestic debate in each country away from the protectionism that may otherwise come naturally.

What can be done? Consumption growth in the United States has to slow, and this will require a steady withdrawal of the massive amounts of fiscal and monetary stimulus infused in the post-bubble years. Exchange rate movements will also have an important role in facilitating the transition. This implies that a number of currencies, especially in Emerging Asia, will need to appreciate. And finally, in a large number of countries, including Japan, the Euro area, Emerging Asia, and oil exporters, further structural reforms are needed to increase domestic incentives to invest, and in some cases, consume.

Some people hanker after a grand accord along the lines of the Louvre or Plaza accords. It is hard, however, to think of what countries would, or could, commit to in such an accord, at least at this stage. Better to focus on building a common understanding of the problem, and to convince each country of the importance of doing what is necessary. This is what the IMF has been doing for the last few years.

There has been some progress, though less than we would like. For instance, the United States has agreed that reducing its fiscal deficit is part of the solution and is committed to reducing the deficit by half by 2009. While the goal is welcome, we believe the measures are not ambitious enough, and some revenue raising measures will have to be contemplated, especially in view of Hurricane Katrina's effect on broader U.S. government spending. Similarly, we welcome greater exchange rate flexibility in some countries in Asia, especially the recent initial step in this direction by China-though further progress soon toward more flexible exchange rate management will be crucial.

Let me turn finally to an issue of some controversy. Some have argued the Fund has been remiss in not pushing China to appreciate more, with some economists asking for a huge step appreciation of the order of about 25 percent. First, I reject the premise of the accusation. The Fund has been discussing the need for greater exchange rate flexibility with China for some time - starting as early as 2000-long before others woke up to the growing global imbalances. Nevertheless, more action is needed. With the imbalances increasing, China's reserve build-up reaching enormous proportions, and China's current account surplus starting to grow significantly, it is in both the world and China's interest to allow the renminbi to appreciate more.

However, a huge step appreciation will probably do much more harm than good. For one, a number of the most efficient Chinese enterprises will be driven out of business and others forced into distress. In a developed economy, the necessary restructuring could be speedily effected. In an economy like China's with an underdeveloped financial system, the restructuring would be long drawn-out, painful, and could even damage the banking system significantly. If there is one lesson we have learnt in recent years, it is that emerging markets do not handle large exchange rate movements well. Moreover, it is not even clear that such a large exchange rate appreciation would have much of an effect on the U.S. current account deficit - quite possibly other countries in Emerging Asia would simply take up China's export share.

Instead, we would advocate a less interventionist approach where the authorities let the exchange rate react more flexibly to market forces-the authorities already have a framework for this, and they should use it. A more flexible exchange rate, especially if accompanied by more flexibility in emerging Asia, will allow the underlying forces adjusting international demand more room to play. Equally important, however, for China, is the process of modernizing the financial system so that both banks and corporations face a realistic cost of capital, invest sensibly, and offer a realistic return to savers. Not only can this reduce excessive investment in the Chinese economy, it can also reduce excessive savings. A growing China that consumes more will benefit not only itself but also the world.

Let me conclude. The world economy has been resilient in the face of shocks, in part due to improvements in the quality of policy. This has allowed a variety of imbalances to build up. The IMF is concerned whether the needed transitions to reduce imbalances will take place smoothly, which is why though the central scenario is one of robust growth, we believe the risks are weighted to the downside. Instead of pointing fingers at one another, or raising barriers against on another's goods, however, we should recognize that the need of the hour is sensible domestic policy reform. In addition, of course, we should continue with the process of reducing trade barriers, which means working towards an ambitious Doha round. Let me end my remarks here. Thank you.



















21st-Oct-2005 10:39 pm - WAR QUOTES
A bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth, general or particular, and what no just government should refuse, or rest on inferences
Thomas Jefferson
American 3rd US President (1801-09). Author of the Declaration of Independence. 1762-1826
The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it comes stronger than their democratic state itself. That, in its essence, is fascism - ownership of government by an individual, by a group,
Franklin D. Roosevelt
American 32nd US president (1933-45), cousin of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president. 1882-1945
It behooves every man who values liberty of conscience for himself, to resist invasions of it in the case of others; or their case may, by change of circumstances, become his own
Thomas Jefferson
American 3rd US President (1801-09). Author of the Declaration of Independence. 1762-1826
A young man who does not have what it takes to perform military service is not likely to have what it takes to make a living.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
American 35th US president (1961-63), 1917-1963
The basis of effective government is public confidence, and that confidence is endangered when ethical standards falter or appear to falter
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
American 35th US president (1961-63), 1917-1963
Domestic policy can only defeat us; foreign policy can kill us
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
American 35th US president (1961-63), 1917-1963
They who would give up an essential liberty for temporary security, deserve neither liberty or security
Benjamin Franklin
American statesman, scientist, philosopher, printer, writer and inventor. 1706-1790
When people speak to you about a preventive war, you tell them to go and fight it. After my experience, I have come to hate war. War settles nothing.
Dwight David Eisenhower
American 34th president (1953-61). 1890-1969
War on the other hand is such a terrible thing, that no man, especially a Christian man, has the right to assume the responsibility of starting it.
Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy
Russian moral thinker, novelist and philosopher, notable for his influence on Russian literature and politics. 1828-1910
I find war detestable but those who praise it without participating in it even more so
Romain Rolland
French writer, 1866-1944
All war is deception.
Sun Tzu
(ca. 500 BC)
Nations have recently been led to borrow billions for war; no nation has ever borrowed largely for education... no nation is rich enough to pay for both war and civilization. We must make our choice; we cannot have both.
Abraham Flexner
To wage a war for a purely moral reason is as absurd as to ravish a woman for a purely moral reason
Henry Louis Mencken
American humorous journalist and critic of American life who influenced US fiction through the 1920s, 1880-1956

20th-Oct-2005 04:21 am - Wartime Presidents

Presidents during wartime

  • George Washington: war with Native Americans in Ohio
  • Thomas Jefferson: Tripolitan War, 1800-1805, against the Barbary pirates
  • James Madison - War of 1812, 1812-1814, against the British
  • James Monroe - First Seminole War, 1817-1818
  • Andrew Jackson - Black Hawk War, 1832
  • Martin Van Buren - Aroostook War, 1839; Second Seminole War - ended 1842
  • William Henry Harrison - Second Seminole War - ended 1842
  • John Tyler - Second Seminole War - ended 1842
  • James Polk - Mexican War
  • James Buchanan - beginning of the Civil War
  • Abraham Lincoln - Civil War, 1861-1865
  • William McKinley - Spanish-American War, 1898; Boxer Rebellion, 1899-1900
  • Woodrow Wilson - WWI, 1914-1918
  • Warren Harding - formally concluded WWI
  • Franklin Roosevelt - WWII, 1941-1945
  • Harry Truman - conclusion of WWII, Korean War - 1950-1953
  • Dwight Eisenhower - conclusion of Korean War
  • John Kennedy - Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961; beginning of Vietnam War
  • Lyndon Johnson - Vietnam War, Dominican Republic, 1965
  • Richard Nixon - Vietnam War
  • Ronald Reagan - Grenada Invasion, 1983
  • George Bush - Invasion of Panama, 1989-1990; Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991
  • George W. Bush - War against the Taliban, Iraq, 2001 to present.


Thomas JeffersonThere are so many quotes, catagorized and links galore to anything you ever wanted to know about Thomas Jefferson.
16th-Sep-2005 04:48 am - bill
Bill Summary & Status for the 109th Congress


Title: To reform the regulation of certain housing-related Government-sponsored enterprises, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Rep Baker, Richard H. [LA-6] (introduced 4/5/2005) Cosponsors (19)
Latest Major Action: 7/14/2005 Referred to House committee. Status: Referred sequentially to the House Committee on the Judiciary for a period ending not later than Sept. 16, 2005 for consideration of such provisions of the bill and amendment as fall within the jurisdiction of that committee pursuant to clause 1(1), rule X.
House Reports: 109-171 Part 1

Federal Housing Finance Reform Act of 2005 - Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 to establish: (1) the Federal Housing Finance Agency, which shall have supervisory and regulatory authority over the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), the Federal Home Loan Banks, and the Federal Home Loan Bank Finance Corporation; and (2) the Housing Finance Oversight Board.

Sets forth operations and administrative provisions, including provisions respecting: (1) capital levels, classifications, and undercapitalized entities; (2) loan levels; (3) housing goals; and (4) enforcement and compliance.

Amends the Federal Home Loan Bank Act to establish the Federal Home Loan Bank Finance Corporation, which shall: (1) issue and service the consolidated obligations of the Federal Home Loan Banks; and (2) perform all other necessary functions in relation to the issuance and service of such obligations as fiscal agent on behalf of the Federal Home Loan Banks.

Transfers the functions of the Office of Finance of the Federal Home Loan Banks to the Corporation.

Amends the Federal Home Loan Bank Act to increase total asset requirements for community financial institution members.

Abolishes the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and transfers its functions, personnel, and property to the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
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28th-Aug-2005 11:50 am - Thomas jefferson Quotes

We must continue to build on our parents’ legacy of freedom -- freedom for individuals, freedom for nations, freedom for markets and free and fair trade. And we know the key to future economic growth and prosperity at home is the free flow of goods and services and ideas.
Source: Powell Lecture Series, Texas A&M Univ. Apr 6, 1998
 And open trade reinforces the habits of liberty that sustain democracy over the long term.
Source: Remarks to the Organization of American States Apr 17, 2001
BUSH: My Administration is promoting free and fair trade, to open up new markets for America 's entrepreneurs, and manufacturers, and farmers, and to create jobs for America 's workers.

If there be one principle more deeply rooted than any other in the mind of every American, it is, that we should have nothing to do with conquest
Thomas Jefferson
American 3rd US President (1801-09). Author of the Declaration of Independence. 1762-1826

"We don't believe in planners and deciders making the decisions on behalf of Americans."


Christianity is the most perverted system that ever shone on man
Thomas Jefferson
American 3rd US President (1801-09). Author of the Declaration of Independence. 1762-1826


Millions of innocent men, women, and children, since the introduction of Christianity, have been burned, tortured, fined, and imprisoned, yet we have not advanced one inch toward uniformity. What has been the effect of coercion? To make one half of the world fools and the other half hypocrites.
Thomas Jefferson
American 3rd US President (1801-09). Author of the Declaration of Independence. 1762-1826


It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood.
James Madison
American 4th US president (1809-17), and one of the founding fathers of his country. 1751-1836


The government of the United States is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion
George Washington

Some day, following the example of the United States of America, there will be a United States of Europe
George Washington
American commander in chief of the colonial armies in the American Revolution (1775-83) and subsequently 1st US president (1789-97), 1732-1799


Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government.
James Madison
American 4th US president (1809-17), and one of the founding fathers of his country. 1751-1836


 Arbolist … Look up the word. I don't know, maybe I made it up. Anyway, it's an arbo-tree-ist, somebody who knows about trees." —George W. Bush, as quoted in USA Today, Aug. 21, 2001
""I've coined new words, like, misunderstanding and Hispanically." —George W. Bush, speaking at the


 more literate country and a hopefuller country." —George W. Bush,  Jan. 11, 2001

Because the — all which is on the table begins to address the big cost drivers. For example, how benefits are calculate, for example, is on the table; whether or not benefits rise based upon wage increases or price increases. There's a series of parts of the formula that are being considered. And when you couple that, those different cost drivers, affecting those — changing those with personal accounts, the idea is to get what has been promised more likely to be — or closer delivered to what has been promised. Does that make any sense to you? It's kind of muddled. Look, there's a series of things that cause the — like, for example, benefits are calculated based upon the increase of wages, as opposed to the increase of prices. Some have suggested that we calculate — the benefits will rise based upon inflation, as opposed to wage increases. There is a reform that would help solve the red if that were put into effect. In other words, how fast benefits grow, how fast the promised benefits grow, if those — if that growth is affected, it will help on the red." —George W. Bush, explaining his plan to save Social Security, Tampa, Fla., Feb. 4, 2005



) "Our enemies are innovative and resourceful, and so are we. They never stop thinking about new ways to harm our country and our people, and neither do we." —Washington, D.C., Aug. 5, 2004 (Watch video clip)

5) "There's an old saying in Tennessee — I know it's in Texas, probably in Tennessee — that says, fool me once, shame on — shame on you. Fool me — you can't get fooled again." —Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 17, 2002 (Watch video clip)

4) "I know the human being and fish can coexist peacefully." —Saginaw, Mich., Sept. 29, 2000

3) "They misunderestimated me." —Bentonville, Ark., Nov. 6, 2000

See, in my line of work you got to keep repeating things over and over and over again for the truth to sink in, to kind of catapult the propaganda." —George W. Bush, Greece, N.Y., May 24, 2005 (Listen to audio)
2) "Rarely is the questioned asked: Is our children learning?" —Florence, S.C., Jan. 11, 2000
The relations with, uhh — Europe are important relations, and they've, uhh — because, we do share values. And, they're universal values, they're not American values or, you know — European values, they're universal values. And those values — uhh — being universal, ought to be applied everywhere." —George W. Bush, at a press conference with European Union dignitaries, Washington, D.C., June 20, 2005

EDUCATION EDUCATION-PUBLIC SCHOOLS"I now think it would be better for every ward to choose its own resident visitor, whose business it would be to keep a teacher in the ward, to superintend the school, and to call meetings of the ward for all purposes relating to it; their accounts to be settled, and wards laid off by the courts. I think ward elections better for many reasons, one of which is sufficient, that it will keep elementary education out of the hands of fanaticizing preachers, who, in county elections, would be universally chosen, and the predominant sect of the county would possess itself of all its schools." --Thomas Jefferson to Joseph Cabell, 1820. ME 15:293

RELIGIONThis mass of trash, however, is not without some distinction; some few modeling their narratives,. although fictitious, on the incidents of real life, have been able to make them interesting and useful vehicles of a sound morality... For a like reason, too, much poetry should not be indulged Some is useful for forming style and taste. Pope, Dryden, Thompson, Shakespeare, and of the French, Moliere, Racine, the Corneilles, may be read with pleasure and improvement." --Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Burwell, 1818. ME 15:166
For it is in our lives, and not from our words, that our religion

must be read. By the same test the world must judge me. But this does not

satisfy the priesthood. They must have a positive, a declared assent to all

their interested absurdities. My opinion is that there would never have been an

infidel, if there had never been a priest. The artificial structures they have

built on the purest of all moral systems, for the purpose of deriving from it

pence and power, revolt those who think for themselves, and who read in that

drinkhttp://www.govreform.org/AES_ExecutiveSummary.pdf system only what is really there. These, therefore, they brand with such

IMPEACHMENT-Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends [i.e., securing inherent and inalienable rights, with powers derived from the consent of the governed], it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness." --Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence, 1776. ME 1:29, Papers 1:315





Brewer's Phrase & Fable



Bill Summary & Status for the 109th Congress


Title: To reauthorize the Head Start Act to improve the school readiness of disadvantaged children, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Rep Castle, Michael N. [DE] (introduced 5/5/2005) Cosponsors (19)
Related Bills: H.RES.455, S.1107
Latest Major Action: 9/22/2005 Passed/agreed to in House. Status: On passage Passed by recorded vote: 231 - 184 (Roll no. 493).
House Reports: 109-136

6/16/2005--Reported to House, amended. (There is 1 other summary)
School Readiness Act of 2005 - Amends the Head Start Act to revise and reauthorize Head Start programs.
(Sec. 4) Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to provide financial assistance to Head Start agencies for five-year periods.
(Sec. 5) Extends the authorization of appropriations for Head Start programs through FY 2011.
(Sec. 6) Sets forth allotment provisions, as well as limitations on and authorized uses of Head Start funds. Reserves specified portions of Head Start funds for Indian, migrant and seasonal, training and technical assistance, and Early Head Start programs.
Revises authorized uses of quality improvement funds to include outreach to homeless families, migrant and seasonal farmworker families, and families with children with a limited English proficiency.
Directs the Secretary (who is currently authorized) to award collaboration grants for Head Start and other related-agencies within states.
Includes models that leverage existing capacities and capabilities of the delivery system of early childhood education and child care among locally designed or specialized service delivery models for Head Start programs.
Requires the Secretary, in allotting funds for expansion of Head Start programs, to consider the extent that an applicant: (1) has involved providers of family support services and protective services for children and families in community-wide strategic planning and needs assessments (among other entities); and (2) plans to coordinate its services with a community liaison designated under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvements Act of 2001 (homeless education liaison), as well as (under current law) with the education services of the local educational agency (LEA).
Directs the Secretary to require Head Start agencies to: (1) implement policies and procedures to ensure that eligible homeless children are identified and prioritized for enrollment; (2) allow homeless families to apply to, enroll in, and attend Head Start programs while required documents, such as proof of residency, immunization and other medical records, birth certificates and other documents, are obtained within a reasonable time frame; and (3) coordinate individual Head Start centers and programs with efforts to implement homeless children education programs under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
Declares that nothing in the Act shall be construed to require: (1) a state to establish a program of early education for children; or (2) require any child to participate in a program of early education, attend school, or participate in any initial screening prior to participation in such program (except as provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act).
Requires all curricula and instructional materials funded under the Act to be: (1) scientifically based and age appropriate; and (2) available for parental inspection, upon request.
(Sec. 7) Includes community-based or faith-based organizations among the entities that may be designated as Head Start agencies.
Requires eligible entities, in order to be designated as Head Start agencies and receive financial assistance initially and subsequently, to establish and demonstrate they have met measurable goals for: (1) school readiness of participating children; (2) meeting performance standards; (3) educational instruction in pre-reading, pre-mathematical, and language skills; and (4) provision of health, educational, nutritional, social, and other services related to school readiness. Requires such entities to align Head Start curricula with state-developed academic content standards and the Head Start Child Outcomes Framework developed by the Secretary.
Directs the Secretary to give priority in designation of Head Start agencies to those that: (1) are receiving Head Start assistance; (2) meet or exceed certain program, financial, and education standards; (3) have no unresolved area of noncompliance and have not been deemed deficient since the most recent designation; (4) employ qualified staff and provide ongoing professional development opportunities; (5) have an independent board of directors to provide direction and actively oversee all program activities; and (6) meet other criteria relating to adequate enrollment, curricula, child development outcomes, classroom environment, partnerships with various entities, fiscal controls, state child care licensing, parental involvement, and outreach to at-risk families.
Requires the Secretary, when no entity in a community has priority, to conduct an open competition among qualified applicants in such community. Directs the Secretary, in selecting from among qualified applicants for designation, to consider the effectiveness of each applicant to provide Head Start services, based on specified factors.
(Sec. 8) Revises the additional educational performance standards included as program quality standards, and performance measures for program monitoring.
Requires Head Start agencies to establish procedures for evaluating and correcting their delegate agencies, including procedures for defunding and for appealing defunding decisions.
Requires Head Start agencies to report to the Secretary on enrollment in their Head Start programs. Directs the Secretary to review such reports and develop plans to reduce or eliminate under-enrollment in the case of any agency operating a program with an enrollment that is less than 95 percent of its funded enrollment. Provides for recapture, reduction, or withholding of a portion of an agency's base grant in cases of programs with chronic under-enrollment.
(Sec. 9) Revises requirements for local Head Start agencies, including designation qualifications, coordination and collaboration, and assessment. Requires each agency to establish an independent board of directors. Requires each agency to enroll 100% of its funded enrollment, and to maintain an active waiting list and outreach to the community and underserved populations.
(Sec. 10) Requires local and state integration of early childhood education through: (1) Head Start agency partnerships with local educational agencies and state-funded preschool and other early childhood programs; (2) early learning collaboration grants for State Early Learning Councils; and (3) a State Director for Head Start Collaboration.
(Sec. 11) Requires Head Start alignment with K-12 education to ensure effective transition through: (1) continuity of developmentally appropriate curricula between Head Start and local educational agencies; (2) joint training, including transition-related training for school staff and Head Start staff; (3) family outreach and support, and continuity in parental involvement; (4) linking of the services provided; (5) increased program participation of underserved populations of eligible children; and (6) alignment of Head Start curricula with state early learning standards and the Head Start Child Outcomes Framework.
(Sec. 12) Requires Head Start agencies to publish and make available to the public annual reports that disclose specified financial and other program information.
(Sec. 13) Limits to ten percent of total enrollment the permissible participation of children in the area served who would benefit from Head Start programs, including children referred by child welfare agencies, but whose families do not meet prescribed low-income criteria.
Exempts military housing from being counted as family income in determining a child's eligibility to enroll in a Head Start program.
(Sec. 14) Revises requirements for Early Head Start programs for families with infants and toddlers.
Directs the Secretary to ensure that, by September 30, 2008, all teachers providing direct services to children and families in programs in Early Head Start centers have a minimum of a child development associate credential or an associate degree, and have been trained or have equivalent course work in early childhood development. Requires professional development to increase program participation for underserved populations of eligible children.
Provides for Early Head Start: (1) services to parents, including training in parenting skills and in basic child development; (2) coordination with home-based services; and (3) linkages with agencies and early intervention providers under the Individuals with Disabilities Act and with agencies under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act.
Includes among eligible providers of Early Head Start services: (1) migrant and seasonal Head Start programs; and (2) community- and faith-based organizations.
(Sec. 15) Requires Head Start agencies to obtain written parental consent before administration of any nonemergency intrusive physical examination of a child in connection with participation in a Head Start program.
(Sec. 16) Prohibits use of Head Start funds to reimburse any Head Start financial assistance recipient for legal fees and other costs incurred in pursuing appeals of terminations, reductions, or suspensions of such assistance or of certain denials of applications for noncompeting continuation awards.
(Sec. 17) Requires Head Start agencies to undergo independent annual audits.
(Sec. 18) Revises training and technical assistance provisions.
Includes technical assistance for: (1) increasing program participation of homeless children; and (2) outreach and services to children with limited English proficiency and their families.
Includes community- and faith-based organizations among entities eligible for grants to train Head Start personnel in using performing and visual arts and interactive electronic media programs to enhance children's learning experiences.
Revises requirements for supporting an organization that administers a centralized child development and national assessment program leading to recognized credentials. Includes among such requirements training for personnel providing services to children who are: (1) abused or neglected; or (2) referred by or receiving child welfare services.
Directs the Secretary to provide funds to train Head Start personnel in addressing the unique needs of migrant and seasonal working families, families with a limited English proficiency, and homeless families.
Requires more than 50% of training and technical assistance funds expenditures to be used to provide classroom-focused training and technical assistance. Requires such funds to be used for activities related to: (1) education and early childhood development; (2) child health, nutrition, and safety; (3) family and community partnerships; or (4) other areas affecting the quality or effectiveness of Head Start programs.
(Sec. 19) Revises requirements for staff qualifications and development. Directs the Secretary to ensure that, by September 30, 2011, at least 50 percent of all Head Start teachers nationwide in center-based programs have a baccalaureate or advanced degree: (1) in early childhood education; or (2) in a field related to early childhood education, with experience in teaching preschool children. Requires all new Head Start teachers to have at least an associate degree or be enrolled in a program working towards that degree within three years of enactment of this Act.
Requires Head Start teachers who have received financial assistance under the Act to teach in a Head Start Center for an amount of time equal to the time period in which they received financial assistance.
Directs every Head Start agency and program to create professional development plans for all full-time employees who provide direct services to children.
(Sec. 20) Revises requirements for research, demonstrations, and evaluation.
Requires the use of Head Start programs to develop, test, and disseminate new ideas and approaches for addressing the needs of low-income abused or neglected children and their families and communities.
Repeals the mandate for a study comparing the educational achievement, social adaptation, and health status of children participating in Head Start programs with that of eligible children who do not participate.
Directs the Secretary to use certain funds to contract with the National Academy of Sciences for the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the National Research Council to establish an independent panel of experts to: (1) review and synthesize research, theory, and applications in the social, behavioral, and biological sciences; and (2) make recommendations on early childhood pedagogy with regard to specified issues.
Directs the Secretary to study the status of children with limited English proficiency and their families in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
(Sec. 21) Includes homeless children among those Head Start participants whose status the Secretary reports on biennially.
Requires the Secretary to report annually to specified congressional committees on the status of the National Reporting System.
(Sec. 22) Limits the rate of federal funding for compensation in excess of the level II rate of the Executive Schedule to any individual employed by a Head Start agency.
(Sec. 23) Prohibits use of Head Start funds: (1) for publicity or propaganda purposes unauthorized by Congress; or (2) unless authorized by federal law, to produce any prepackaged news story intended for broadcast or distribution unless such story includes a clear notification that it was prepared or funded by the Department of HHS.

Title: To increase the expertise and capacity of community-based organizations involved in economic development activities and key community development programs.
Sponsor: Rep Jones, Stephanie Tubbs [OH-11] (introduced 5/26/2005) Cosponsors (14)
Latest Major Action: 6/17/2005 Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity.
Community Economic Development Expertise Enhancement Act of 2005 - Authorizes the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to make grants to increase the capacity and expertise of qualifying community-based economic development organizations.

Directs the Secretary to: (1) conduct an assessment of such organizations' capability needs; and (2) establish the Advisory Council on Community Economic Development.

Directs the President to include with each annual budget request a report regarding Federal financial support for community economic development.

Amends the Internal Revenue Code to provide a limited housing infrastructure business credit for qualified housing infrastructure property placed in service. Defines such property as property located in an empowerment zone, enterprise community, or renewal community, when substantially all of the use of which is to provide water, sewer, electricity, or natural gas service to residents.

Doubles, and extends through 2009 (currently 2005), for employment beginning after the enactment of this Act, the: (1) work opportunity credit; (2) welfare-to-work credit; (3) empowerment zone employment credit; and (4) renewal community employment. Increases, through 2009, the Indian employment credit. Increases and extends, through 2009, deductions for expensing the cost of certain depreciable business assets, commercial revitalization, and environmental remediation. Extends, through 2009, the special deduction for property used on Indian reservations.

The Mission of the Foundation for American Christian Education is to publish and teach America's Christian history and method of education by Biblical principles to restore Christian self-government and character to the individual, to families, to churches, and to the nation

Seven Principles of America's Christian History and Government:

God's Principle of Individuality:
Everything in God's universe reveals His infinity and diversity. Each person is a unique creation of God, designed to express the nature of Christ individually in society. Parents and teachers should cultivate the full potential of Christ in every child.

The Christian Principle of Self-Government:
In order to have true liberty, man must be governed internally by the Spirit of God rather than by external forces. Government is first individual, then extends to the home, church, and the community. This principle of self-government is God ruling internally from the heart of the individual.

America's Heritage of Christian Character:
The image of God engraved upon the individual within brings dominion and change to his external environment. The model of Christian character is the Pilgrim character. Becoming accountable for one's learning and productivity is the fruit of Christian character.

"Conscience Is the Most Sacred of All Property" (James Madison):
God requires faithful stewardship of all His gifts, especially the internal property of conscience. This is a tool for self-government as each child learns the revelation of consent. Each individual governs his life through the voluntary consent to do right or wrong.

The Christian Form of Our Government:
The divine flow of spiritual power and force in a Christian Constitutional Republic begins with self-governing individuals, whose God-given rights are protected by laws established by their elected representatives. Proper government requires a balance of internal power and its external form as seen in the separation of powers and its dual form with checks and balances. The Christian form of our government finds its source in the Holy Bible, "the American political textbook."

How the Seed of Local Self-Government Is Planted:
Christian self-government begins with salvation and education in God's Law and Love, and flows in governing oneself, one's home, church, and community. "Liberty is an individual responsibility..." (Sam Adams)

The Christian Principle of American Political Union:
Internal agreement or unity, which is invisible, produces a voluntary external union, which is visible in the spheres of government, economics, and home and community life. Before two or more individuals can act effectively together, they must first be united in spirit, in their purposes, and in their convictions.

The first step to the reconversion of a country is books produced by Christians."
"We must attack the enemy's line of communication. What we want is not more little books about Christianity, but more little books by Christians on other subjects --- with their Christianity latent. You can see this most easily if you look at it the other way round. Our faith is not likely to be shaken by any book on Hinduism. But, if whenever we read an elementary book on geology, botany, politics, or astronomy, we found that its implications were Hindu, that would shake us. It is not the books written in direct defense of materialism that make the modern man a materialist; it is the materialistic assumptions in all the other books. In the same way, it is not books on Christianity that will really trouble him. But he would be troubled if, whenever he wanted a cheap popular introduction to some science, the best work on the market was always by a Christian. The first step to the reconversion of a country is books produced by Christian

No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people


The anthology organized on the thematic approach - social, psychological, patriotic themes, i.e. "Love and Friendship," "Understanding Others," "Buildijng a Better World."
Authors are forced into catagories or themes. Authors are not distinguished for their own individuality. Selections are not always representative of the author's best. The use of "snippets" or "swatches" - a Reader's Digest approach. The emphasis is not upon literature, but on the themes.
Progressive education: "The true center of corrolation on the school subjects is not science, nor literature, nor history, nor geography, but the child's own social activities.

John Dewey, "My Pedagogic Creed," 1897.

The survey approach is organized in terms of type or period. Many authors are covered to give breadth of view.
This is a subject-centered approach. Literature is studied as a secular subject - literature for its own sake. It has no relationship to the life of the student.
Traditional, academic, secular.

The historical approach studies the major American and English authors chronologically.
This approach teaches chronologically but reverses the order, putting American literature first in the curriculum, then English literature. Students cannot see the influence of the English Bible upon English literature. Students cannot see the heritage of English literature given to America and how our nation built upon that heritage and contributed her own individuality.
Traditional and historical but does not show the Hand of God in history or literature.

The Christian history literature program studies authors in their relationship to the Chain of Christianity and to their contribution to the history of liberty.
Authors are studied in depth and whole works are studied intact. English literature is studied first, then American.
Literature becomes a testimony to the Hand of God in history. A Biblical worldview is cultivated.
16th-Aug-2005 02:53 pm - Quotes on Laungauge andSpeaking
Arbolist … Look up the word. I don't know, maybe I made it up. Anyway, it's an arbo-tree-ist, somebody who knows about trees." —George W. Bush, as quoted in USA Today, Aug. 21, 2001
""I've coined new words, like, misunderstanding and Hispanically." —George W. Bush, speaking at the

more literate country and a hopefuller country." —George W. Bush, Jan. 11, 2001

Better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt.
Abraham Lincoln
American 16th US president (1861-65), who brought about the emancipation of the slaves. 1809-1865

If language is not correct, then what is said is not what is meant; if what is said is not what is meant, then what must be done remains undone; if this remains undone, morals and art will deteriorate; if justice goes astray, the people will stand about in helpless confusion. Hence there must be no arbitrariness in what is said. This matters above everything.
China's most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, 551-479 BC

If names are not correct, language will not be in accordance with the truth of things
China's most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, 551-479 BC

Language is the soul of intellect, and reading is the essential process by which that intellect is cultivated beyond the commonplace experiences of everyday life.
Charles Scribner, Jr.

Language is power, life and the instrument of culture, the instrument of domination and liberation
Angela Carter
English writer and novelist(Magic Toyshop). Dies of cancer at 5. 1940-1992

Ignorant people think it's the noise which fighting cats make that is so aggravating, but it ain't so; it's the sickening grammar they use
Mark Twain
American humorist, writer and lecturer. 1835-1910

One always speaks badly when one has nothing to say
French philosopher and writer. One of the greatest of all French authors, 1694-1778

Since light travels faster than sound, people appear bright until you hear them speak.

Every time you have to speak, you are auditioning for leadership.
James C. Humes

Speak clearly, if you speak at all; carve every word before you let it fall.
Oliver Wendell Holmes
American physician, poet and humorist. 1809-1894

Think twice before you speak, because your words and influence will plant the seed of either success or failure in the mind of another.
Napoleon Hill
American author, 1883-1970
16th-Aug-2005 02:51 pm - Bush and the Death Penalty

top5 in 26 out of 33 crime statshttp://www.nationmaster.com/country/us/Crime

1st in6,

Asked about the Tribune study, Governor Bush said, "We've adequately answered innocence or guilt" in every case. The defendants, he said, "had full access to a fair trial."


Choose a journalist _______________________ John Aglionby (South-east Asia) Ian Black (Foreign affairs) Julian Borger (Washington DC) Dan Glaister (Los Angeles) Luke Harding (Germany) Jon Henley (France) John Hooper (Italy) Justin McCurry (Japan) Anne McIlroy (Canada) Barbara McMahon (Italy) Tom Parfitt (Russia) Randeep Ramesh (South Asia) Robert Tait (Iran) David Teather (New York) Ian Traynor (Central Europe) Giles Tremlett (Spain) Jeevan Vasagar (East Africa) Declan Walsh (Pakistan/Afghanistan) Nicholas Watt (Brussels/EU) Jonathan Watts (China) Brian Whitaker (Middle East)

View from Washington

The Texan way of death

With George W Bush as governor, Texas's execution tally has soared. But, asks Julian Borger, will he change his tune if he enters the White House?
Mr. Penry, whose I.Q. has been tested by state authorities at 56, spends his days coloring with crayons and looking at comic books he cannot read, his lawyers say. He says he still believes in Santa Claus. Now, after 20 years on death row, he is scheduled to be executed on Thursday by lethal injection.
Wednesday December 13, 2000

Almost every arithmetic total has been a matter of debate in this year's extraordinary election, but there is one count which Governor George W Bush won with an indisputable margin.
Under Governor Bush's leadership this year, Texas has carried out more executions than any other state since US records began. Forty prisoners were put to death - representing nearly half the total number of executions across the country.

Article continues



According to the Death Penalty Information Centre in Washington, the last time a state came anywhere close in its use of capital punishment was in 1862, when the US army executed 39 native Americans after an uprising in Minnesota.
16th-Aug-2005 03:42 am~~~~~
Education - Educational attainment - Junior secondary
Education - Literacy - Adults with at least moderate literacy - male
Education - Spending per primary school student (per $ GDP)
Education - Spending per secondary school student (per $ GDP)
Economy - Commitment to foreign aid
Economy - Current account balance
Economy - Current account balance (per capita)
Labor - Unemployment benefit as % of GDP

Economy - Business efficiency
Education - Grade 12 advanced students science

Disasters - Tsunami - Funds pledged by NGOs and public (per $ GDP)
Economy - Development assistance to LDCs
Economy - Economic aid - Donor (per $ GDP)
Economy - Export growth
Economy - Social security expenditure as % of GDP
Economy - Targeting of foreign aid
Education - Literacy - Adults at moderate literacy level

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